Most people can find something wrong with the world, and some make a practice of it, but few people ever get the chance to do something about it--and those few usually go down in history with a resounding crash.
Well, it’s been rather noisy around here.
From the very beginning, it had been my intention to write this account. But I certainly hadn’t intended to write it while residing under police surveillance in the Recuperating Ward of St. Luke’s Memorial Hospital. Nor did I expect the interest and encouragement of the police officer who put me here. Nonetheless, Sgt. Nicolas Falasca of the Ohio State Police has been most helpful both in the many long discussions we have had and in procuring the notes and data from my laboratory for the preparation of this manuscript.
But I’m afraid there shall be a considerable lot of me in this manuscript--which, I hastily assert, is not its purpose at all. My apologies for that. Fact is, there’s a considerable lot of me, as anyone can see. The term I rather prefer using is roly-poly.
For the record, however, I am duly Certified-at-Birth as one Albert Jamieson Cooling, to which has been added, by my own modest efforts, a few odd alphabetic symbols such as M.S. and Ph.D. I am currently holding down a professorship at a small, privately endowed Tech college, have some mentionable background in both nuclear physics and biochemistry, possess a choice collection of rather good jazz records, have a particular fondness for barbecued spareribs--and, of late, have become an inventor.
If I’ve left something out, such as horn-rimmed glasses, then, by the point of my little black beard, it must be the wardrobe of 36 sport jackets. Wives? Well, I’ve been tempted, but a professor’s salary can’t support alimony.
My discovery of the Cooling Effect itself came quite by accident. But twice now, that accident has almost killed me. It may be argued that this is no more than I should have expected, however, since the invention which “followed naturally” can only be called one thing.
I have invented a new weapon.
That’s right--a Cooling gun.
But let it be said that because I was once a war scientist, my inventiveness must therefore tend toward weapons and I should be strongly tempted to reach for the nearest one available. The term war scientist has been used so much, and has grown so commonplace, that it has become universally accepted as the label for anyone who spent as little as six weeks in the old AEC. I was in it for six years, and I voluntarily walked out.
The official policies and inter-agency politics of that era seem of little consequence now, when we have three permanent space satellites circling the Earth and one of them is Russian. We’re no longer in a weapons race; both sides have reached the Ultimate Weapon in that contest. Nobody’s hiding or betraying classified secrets any more. There’s all that silicon-rich basalt waiting to be cheaply processed out on the Moon, if we can only get there...
Back in ‘69, the official news releases were still boasting how much bigger was each new toy we rolled out of the workshop, how much more terrible destruction it would wreak than the last one. That was hogwash dished out by our PR boys (and, on the other side, by the Reds’ Propaganda Ministry) simply because people didn’t know any better. Actually, our toys that made the biggest bang were the worst flops as weapons.
You don’t conquer an enemy by exterminating him. A hundred million corpses are no problem--just use bulldozers and they’re out of the way. But a hundred million living, breathing, freezing, starving, filthy and ragged human beings can raise one hell of an uproar. And they usually do. Some of us felt that we wouldn’t need to knock off even a third of Russia’s major cities. Much less, in fact.
Dr. Charles Whitney made the mistake of saying so. And they canned him. The scuttlebutt was that Doc’s conscience backfired. I know better; I saw the explosion. It was his patience, not his conscience.
Anyway, I turned in my resignation two weeks later. I walked out, kept my mouth shut and settled down to a small college professorship. I mention these events now simply because I believe it was there that the development of the Cooling gun actually started.
I had begun to see what devastating weapons could never achieve. They had deterred warfare, at least up to that August of 1969, by their threat of utter destruction--and perhaps Whitney deserved to get canned--but they offered no guarantee for the future. And they couldn’t liberate a conquered nation or protect people from a dictator’s secret police.
It was time we had something better. (We did, of course, but only a small part of the AEC was in on the development of atomic rockets.) Until we did, I could sense that we were simply going through the motions.
But it all began to go places fast with that cold research we were dabbling in, last semester. In fact, it was my fault that General Atomics tossed that little problem into our Cold Lab here at Webster Tech--my own past service in the AEC, my rather unusual background combining nuclear physics and biochemistry, and the post-grad crew I’ve managed to accumulate under my professorial wing.
The whole deal was shoveled obligingly into my Christmas stocking and the rest of the faculty obligingly left me to play with it--providing I continued to conduct my regular classes, of course.
Perhaps it’s just as well I kept my hand in, though, because that line of research got rapidly nowhere. We found that materials which have their temperatures reduced to near-absolute zero are just plain cold. Bring them into room temperature and strange things happen sometimes that isn’t just them trying to warm up. It isn’t friction-loss and it isn’t radiation damage and it isn’t entropy.
There’s a band of radiant energy somewhere between ultrasonics and radiant heat that hits fast and goes deep, and comes out just as fast, and it gets triggered off by whatever this is that happens with near-absolute zero objects subjected to room temperature. But the whole thing is so negligible that for most practical purposes it can be ignored.
Finding that out cost General Atomics thirty thousand dollars, but our kids in the Cold Lab had a ball rigging the Mad Scientist’s super-disintegrator gizmo that reproduced the phenomenon.
Then, that night--it’s nearly four months ago now--I was alone in the lab, just switched off the lights, about to close up and go home. And I stumbled over the corner of the thing. Scrambling up, somehow I put my foot into it. And reaching out to grasp its frame, to steady myself, my hand hit the switch. It went on and I went out.
It was still on--I thought--when I regained consciousness, spraddled out on the concrete floor. I pulled the switch open and jerked the cord out of the wall socket.
When I got home, there wasn’t a bruise or a bump on my noggin. Nor the faintest sign of a burn anywhere on my foot or leg or even on the sole of my shoe.
That was a Tuesday night.
The next day, the lab remained closed. But that night, I went in, switched the lights on and studied the machine. It showed absolutely no sign of damage, no burned insulation, nothing. I stuck my hand into it and closed the switch. It came on with its usual quiet hum. Nothing happened.
It was almost a week before I heard that the janitor was still wondering who’d blown all the campus fuses on Tuesday night. Then I remembered that I hadn’t switched the lights back on when I regained consciousness.
I had been blinded when I switched them off, had stumbled over the machine, fallen, all the rest of it. But I’d come to with night vision, naturally. I saw well enough then by the moonlight streaming in the lab windows. All the lights--the machine, too--could have been off, with the fuses blown, without my noticing it. I had assumed the machine was on because its switch was closed, had opened the switch and jerked out the cord plug.
What happened had therefore required a tremendous spurt of juice in the circuits, or else a heck of a lot less juice than we carry in our lab outlets. So I took home the prints on the rig and began making changes. Which led to more changes. Which resulted in some rather complicated mathematics to which we scientific chaps resort when the kind we teach in colleges just won’t work out right. I got it: a very low power-input. And I got more.
The thing is a sort of invisible ray. It can only be emitted, or broadcast, as a narrow beam from the muzzle-coils of a very fancy-looking electronic rig. Low power is a must; more juice not only heats up the rig and smokes insulation, but it won’t shoot the beam.
I tested it on the black tulips (Biochemical Research Project 187) which I got to close up by the clock, not by the Sun, last year (Project 187-A) and their blossoms closed each time the beam touched them. The purple mushrooms which fluff their tops in radioactivity showed no effects.
It works on a simple “A” battery. But there’s a transistor hookup that behaves like no transistor. Its molecular structure vibrates, which it shouldn’t, and emits a sharp, keening note in the vicinity of E flat. A rather bulky muffler would be required, I’m afraid, to get rid of that noise.
But the oddest thing, technically, is that invisible ray-beam. It hasn’t any of the effects of electric shock. I’ll not go into the electro-neurological aspects of that--nobody could understand it except, just possibly, a neurologist--but the simple fact is that this ray puts a victim to sleep instantly and it doesn’t do anything else!
No blockages or convulsions of nerve ganglia, not even a temporary catharsis of “mild” shock! Apparently it gallops up the “white matter” of the nervous system quite harmlessly, then smacks the “gray matter”--the brain, the spinal column--a good wallop. Painlessly.
In short, the victim just flops over and snores up a half-hour or so, and then awakens as if from a short nap, though perhaps with some puzzlement. There is no injury whatsoever.
Naturally I wanted to find out how the Cooling Effect worked and why--though I may never learn what it is. Hypnosis? Artificially induced, instantaneous sleep? (Victims can be handled without awakening.) Of course, I was curious. I’d have gone through it step by step for my own satisfaction, even if somebody else had already done it before.
Nobody had--and it wasn’t easy. During the rest of the term, even through final exams, I devoted every spare moment to the Cooling Effect. Even so, it took another two months’ hot sweat--the summer vacation’s practically gone now--to get those final diagrams onto my drawing board.
But once I did, there it was, at least its basic circuits and components. All I needed was to juggle them around, coax them into a slim, tubular case, put a carved butt on it containing the “A” battery and give it a push-button trigger. With that data, any good bench-hand in an electrical repair shop could have done the job. I fashioned it out of plastic and odds and ends in my basement laboratory.
A glance in the telephone Red Book gave me the number of a local breeding farm and a call soon brought a pair of fat, inquisitive guinea pigs in a small, wire-screened carrying cage. Beyond the patio wall, my house sides directly on open pasturage, and beyond that, lower in the valley, the alfalfa field begins. With a brisk pacing off of a base-line and some rough, splay-thumbed triangulation, I soon determined my new weapon’s effectiveness from point-blank range to a thousand yards--on guinea pigs, that is.
At nine hundred yards, it still knocked them over for the count. At a thousand yards, it had no effect whatever, so far as I could determine through field glasses. The animals gave no sign that they even noticed it. That, plus the nature of the mechanism, indicates its application is definitely limited. Whether you make it small enough to fit a lady’s purse or as big as an atomic cannon, its maximum effective range will still remain 900 yards. And not just on guinea pigs.
I already knew from my own experience what it does to a man at close range. Blowing the fuses on the whole campus had been the real danger there, however. Had it been the slightest bit different, even to the position of my foot in that big machine, I should certainly have been electrocuted that night.
That was the first time it almost killed me.
The Cooling Effect is worthless as an anesthetic for surgery. While the sleeping guinea pigs don’t awaken when I pick them up out of their cage and handle them, even pulling their legs, they do struggle. They resist, like sleeping animals, not wanting to be disturbed. Still, I pinched them and bounced them and they invariably slept through an approximate half-hour. It’s shock, and it isn’t. It’s sleep, and it isn’t.
But I certainly knew it was a weapon. A new weapon. And man alive, what a weapon!
I turned the guinea pigs loose in the patio, let them scamper, then tumbled them both with a quick sweep of the beam.
One man in ambush could knock over a whole company of marching troops!
The guns could be mounted on tripods with a rotating mechanism that kept them sweeping the area constantly. Anyone who approached within 900 yards would go down--then wake up, climb back to their feet, and go down again every half-hour. Man or animal. The guns could be strung out to cover a whole sector, then wired to a single main switch--and one lone observer could stop an infantry advance.
But they wouldn’t stop guided missiles or even mortar fire. Nor would they deflect through peepholes on a tank or pillbox. There isn’t quite that much “scatter” from the beam reflecting off a hard surface. However, there is some--I fired through the wire-screen openings of the cage and had the beam glance directly off the back wall, often knocking the guinea pigs down without hitting them directly. It went through a handkerchief easily, even when folded thick. A thin glass tumbler, however, stopped it.
You could take cover from it almost anywhere--if you knew when you were going to be shot at. You could wear a light plastic armor--if the joints were sealed and you kept it hooked to about a fifty-pound air-condition unit. No problem at all if you ride a motor scooter.
It wouldn’t stop an invading army, but it could certainly raise the devil with the occupation. Almost anyone could make the gun. Given the components of a pocket radio, a few pieces of copper wire, a few sticks of chewing gum and a penknife, I could whittle one out of wood or put it into a plastic toy water-pistol.
But what the Armed Forces don’t want right now is a new secret weapon! They have their manned satellite now, keeping its vigil over the arsenals of Earth, their big atomic missiles ready to jump off against preset targets--but with the frightful unknown of deep space chilling their backsides.
And, too, I can imagine trying to sell those Generals on something that won’t even stop a tank.
I’m afraid I forgot to shut off the kitchen monitor that night. The servos dished out the dinner menu I’d dialed before noon, then whisked it away when it got cold. I noticed it when the waste processor’s stuttering hum went on a bit longer than usual.
I realized all too clearly what a predicament I was in.
The Armed Forces would undoubtedly suppress my invention. Their lives are nightmarish enough already--not knowing what they’ll find out in space or how it will affect matters. What’s more, they would suppress me! There are certain retroactive clauses in that contract I signed with the AEC which would do the job with complete legality. A nice little hideaway, then, with nothing for miles but security guards, radar traps, trip-wires and electric fences.
But that was the kindest fate I could expect. Quite a number of assorted big and small dictators might like my head blown off.
The most obvious alternative was to suppress the invention myself. To destroy all traces of my experiments and forget about it. To convince myself the world wasn’t ready for it.
It’s quite possible I might have--if I hadn’t kept forgetting to shut off things--and if not for an unsavory little group.
There is small chance that Big Jake Claggett and his three henchmen will ever be remembered for their unwitting contribution to science and the future of mankind. In fact, their contribution can be accepted as the merest coincidence--unless you discount Big Jake’s liking for foreign sports cars. But that came later.
We always have had criminals and crime, and it just happened that Claggett’s gang were the big news that day. It could as easily have been some other bunch of crooks.
Anyway, when nine P.M. rolled around, my wall TV burst into its customary serenade of sound and color, timed for just enough of the opening commercial to let me settle down to watch Mr. Winkle’s news commentary. It was August 23rd, 1979. At two o’clock that afternoon, Big Jake Claggett and his gang robbed the Bellefontaine County Savings Bank and got away with $23,000.
One of the gang clubbed the elderly bank guard senseless with the barrel of his revolver. The guard was hospitalized for a possible skull fracture. Witnesses said Big Jake cursed the gunman who struck the guard, warning him to “get hold of himself!”
That was enough for me. The world had to be given my new weapon. (I’m even more convinced of it now, after discussing it with Sgt. Falasca. Practically every professional criminal in this country would give almost anything for the Cooling gun. Then they could commit armed robbery with no risk of earning a murder rap!) I could see that both criminals and police officers would welcome it and for one simple reason.
It doesn’t kill, maim or injure. Even if it should cause a tremendous increase in robberies and similar crimes, its victims wouldn’t be dead. Better a hundred robberies than one man’s death.
Besides, I had a notion that I could discourage its criminal use.
First I had to prevent its suppression. Solve that problem and there wouldn’t be any reason I couldn’t manufacture the pistols, advertise them, and sell them exactly as any firearms company can sell .22 rifles. Except that I should probably do better to arrange for their manufacture by some established firm.
That was when I began planning to write this. There is just one condition under which no secret can be suppressed--when it ceases to be a secret!
It took preparation. The roughed-out diagrams and scribbled notes a man uses in research are hardly suitable for publication. Technical specifications had to be phrased in clear, understandable terms. The complete data took nearly two weeks to reach final draft. Also, it seemed best to establish the importance, and at least imply the probable consequences, of this publication.
And then, obviously, I had to find a publisher.
That one had me stumped.
Furthermore, I suspect it might still have me stumped if I did not now have the full support of the Governor and the State Police of Ohio. These police officers want Cooling guns! But even back then, while I was still the only man on Earth who knew about it, I managed to formulate a solution of sorts.
Any publisher would be scared of the thing while only he and I and the printers knew about it. He’d be risking a Federal injunction, at the very least, even to consider publishing it.
But if it were no longer a secret and simply not yet common knowledge, most publishers would grab it. If, for example, some manufacturing firm had already considered it and was planning to put Cooling guns into production...
Dr. Charles Whitney is currently the president and chief stockholder of the Cleveland Atomic Equipment Company, which designs and manufactures special tools and equipment for nuclear power companies, radiation labs and universities throughout the Midwest. He started the business after his dismissal from the AEC and built it up gradually over the ensuing ten years. We have some of his tools at Webster Tech.
Then, too, Whitney and I had maintained a cursory, but friendly contact through the years, so naturally I thought of him first. He had the production layout for the job; what’s more, he had the guts to go through with it. All I had to do was sell him on it.